Wales

Official Name: The modern Welsh name for themselves is Cymry, and Cymru is the Welsh name for Wales. These words (both of which are pronounced [ˈkəm.rɨ]) are descended from the Brythonic word combrogi, meaning "fellow-countrymen".
Form of Government: Parliamentary System, Constitutional Monarchy, Devolution.
Capital: Cardiff
Population:  3.063 million
Official Languages: Welsh and English
Currency: Pound Sterling
Area: 20,735 km²

Climate: Wales tends to be wetter than England, with slightly less sunshine. Temperatures in the coastal areas, however, can be very warm in summer ranging from 15°C (59°F) to highs of around 25°C (77°F).
Religions: Wales also has a strong tradition of nonconformism, including Methodism. Most adherents to organised religion in Wales follow the Church in Wales or other Christian denominations such as the Presbyterian Church of Wales, Catholicism, Baptist and Methodist churches, and Eastern Orthodoxy.
Main industries: Coal exports, manufacturing and heavy industry have declined nowadays and have been replaced by new industries. Tourism and public services have taken over as the main employers within Wales.
Traditional dishes: Cawl, Welsh Rarebit, Welsh Cake, Bara Brith, Laverbread.
Fun Fact: Cardiff's Millennium Stadium has the largest retractable roof of any sports stadium in the world.