Official Name: Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Alba pronounced [ˈaɫ̪apə]) is a country that occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain and forms part of the United Kingdom. 
Form of Government: Devolution and Constitutional Monarchy
Capital: Edinburgh
Population: 5,254,800
Official Languages: Scottish Gaelic and English
Currency: Pound Sterling
Area: 80,077 km²

Climate: Scotland's climate is generally cool and wet. It is influenced by the North Atlantic Drift, a warm sea current from the Caribbean, which keeps Scotland's coast ice free in winter. ... The east coast has a marginally more continental climate than the west, with drier weather, sunnier summers and colder winters.
Religions: After Christianity, Islam was the most common faith with 77,000 people in Scotland describing their religion as Muslim. This is followed by Hindus (16,000), people from Other religions (15,000), Buddhists (13,000), Sikhs (9,000) and Jews (6,000).
Main industries: Banking and Financial Services, Construction, Education, Entertainment, biotechnology, Transport, equipment, oil, gas, whisky and tourism.
Traditional dishes: Haggis, Neeps and tatties, Scottish Salmon, Porridge.
Fun Fact: Sherlock Homes, the de-facto inspiration for all detective novels, was the brainchild of Scottish author Arthur Conan Doyle.