Official Name: Tanzania. The name "Tanzania" was created as a clipped compound of the names of the two states that unified to create the country: Tanganyika and Zanzibar. The name "Tanganyika" is derived from the Swahili words tanga ("sail") and nyika ("uninhabited plain", "wilderness"), creating the phrase "sail in the wilderness".
Form of Government: presidential republic
Capital: Dodoma
Population:  59,091,392
Official Languages: Swahili and English
Currency: Tanzanian Shilling
Area:  945,087 km²

Climate: The climate is tropical and coastal areas are hot and humid, while the northwestern highlands are cool and temperate. There are two rainy seasons; the short rains are generally from October to December, while the long rains last from March to June. The central plateau tends to be dry and arid throughout the year.
Religions: One third of Tanzanians are Christians, another third are Muslim. The remaining third pursue one of the numerous indigenous religions. In rural places some people express their faith in an animistic religion. Hinduism and Buddhism are also found among the members of the Asian minorities.
Main industries:  Agriculture, Manufacturing, Mining, Natural Gas.
Traditional dishes: Chapatti (fried flatbread), Ndizi Kaanga (fried bananas or plantains), Nyama Choma (grilled meat), Mahindi ya Kuchoma (grilled corn), Mandazi (east African doughnuts).
Fun Fact: Tanzania is the home to the largest crab in the world, the coconut crab. It is also apparently one of the tastiest crabs in the world.